Area of forestland in endangered species habitat, in hectares
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wdt_ID Area of forestland owned, leased, and/or managed located endangered species habitat (hectares) 2019 - Total owned area 2019 - Total leased area 2019 - Total managed area 2020 - Total owned area 2020 - Total leased area 2020 - Total managed area 1 São Paulo 4,879.58 0.00 4,879.58 4,879.58 0.00 4,879.71 2 Mato Grosso do Sul 3,246.00 2,160.00 6,968.00 3,246.00 2,160.00 6,968.00 3 Espírito Santo-Bahia 20,354.78 2,248.63 20,612.30 20,354.78 2,248.63 20,612.30 4 Maranhão 15,234.07 10,717.30 25,951.37 15,234.07 10,101.30 25,335.37 5 Total 43,714.43 15,125.93 58,411.25 43,714.43 14,509.93 57,795.38
Suzano owns the São Sebastião do Ribeirão Grande Farm located in the municipality of Pindamonhangaba (SP), with 1,300 hectares of conservation areas and a population of southern muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides), a primate endemic to the Atlantic Forest and threatened with extinction. Today, it is estimated that there are less than 1,200 individuals of the species in the wild.
Another area of great significance is Entre Rios, a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH), located in the municipality of Bofete (SP), with 302.97 hectares and predominant vegetation of cerradão, phytophysiognomy of the Cerrado biome. The most recent survey recorded 102 species of birds, including the endangered ultramarine grosbeak (Cyanoloxia brissonii) species and the red-ruffed fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus). For medium and large mammals, 23 species were identified, including the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), Cougar (Puma concolor), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), and the black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus), which are also endangered. The results of the surveys are significant for the region, when compared to the results from the nearby Conservation Units.
All areas of forestland located in endangered species habitats show low risk to biodiversity, given the number of protection measures the company has in place, such as: surveillance of the areas; Emergency Control and Fire Fighting Program; ecological restoration of degraded areas; an environmental training program for employees and neighboring communities; specific signage; identification on operational maps, microplanning of forestry operations, periodic monitoring of wildlife and flora; pre- and post-operation monitoring, and periodic anthropic monitoring.
In addition, forest management has some practices in place that help conserve biodiversity, such as, high-tech monitoring and control of pests and diseases; fire control and prevention; territorial sustainability (agro-ecology activities, meliponiculture, handicraft, and education), management of leaf-cutter ants, and mosaic planting.