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Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas, in km²
wdt_ID Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas, in square kilometers (km²) 2019 2020 1 Inside 800.64 1,054.65 2 Adjacent 1,962.57 1,973.44
The increase in 2020 occurred due to the acquisition of a new property within the boundaries of the Conservation Unit “Floresta Nacional do Iriqui,” in Amazonas, and the inclusion of the Conservation Unit “Área de Proteção Ambiental de Upaon-Açu-Miritiba-Alto Preguiças,” in Maranhão, which, due to a failure in processing, had not been accounted for in 2019.
Aligned to the concept of the indicator, there is the buffer zone criterion, which is used to calculate adjacency by Suzano. This criterion also applies to the ecological function of the buffer zones. In the 2012 analysis, a new definition for buffer was used for protected areas that do not have a management plan place. As per CONAMA Resolution 428, the buffer zone, when not specified in the management plan, is 3km from the boundaries of the conservation unit. It is also worth remembering that some Conservation Units do not legally have buffer zones. We have 4 of these cases:
- Areas located within the boundaries of the Conservation Unit, such as the São Gabriel farm, located in the Santa Virginia Center of the Serra do Mar State Park, in São Paulo; and others;
- Areas within the buffer zone of the Conservation Units, the polygonal area included in its management plan published in a decree as required by law;
- Areas within the 3km radius from the boundaries of the Conservation Units, the buffer zone in the Conservation Units whose management plan has not been published in the form of a law;
- Areas located within a 3km radius from the boundaries of the Conservation Units, only when adjacent (sharing a fence) for Conservation Units that do not legally have buffer zones, as is the case of indigenous areas, RPPNs, and APAs.