Sustainable forest planning and management that support forest productivity, disease and pest control, maintenance of biodiversity, environmental preservation, and the provision of ecosystem services – creating a virtuous cycle.
Management on the use of agrochemicals
Agrochemicals at Suzano are used to combat factors that reduce—and in some cases limit—the company’s eucalyptus production, such as pests (represented by insects and mites), diseases (caused by microorganisms), and weeds (plant species that compete for space, water, light, and nutrients). In this context, for each biological target, we carry out what we call Integrated Management, based on which we seek to know the target to be controlled, develop tools for an agile detection, and perform population monitoring (identifying issues such as incidence and severity of the infestation). Thus, based on this monitoring, we also control of the target, whether by biological, genetic, cultural or chemical physics strategy.
To this end, a specialized team develops an integrated management of the topic and conducts internal and external research on the subject, providing recommendations on the use of agrochemicals based on compliance with national, international and certification policies. Also, together with the operational teams, indicators are generated regarding the use of this type of input in the company, which are annually evaluated by external auditors.
We strictly follow the FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council®)¹ Pesticides Policy and the PEFC/CERFLOR (Brazilian Forest Certification Program) Agrochemical Policy, which have their own rules about the use of agrochemicals. We also comply with the applicable Brazilian legislation that regulates the registration and use of agrochemicals in the country, which involves the participation of MAPA (Ministry of Agriculture), ANVISA (Ministry of Health), and IBAMA (Ministry of the Environment).
Besides voluntarily adhering to the certifications already mentioned, we take part in other initiatives that work in a technical way regarding the responsible use of agrochemicals. These include:
- Forest Protection Research Program (PROTEF): Linked to the Forestry Research Institute (Esalq-IPEF). This program focuses on the sustainable management of pests, diseases and weeds
- Forest Defense Committee of the Brazilian Tree Industry (IBÁ): Group of companies in the forestry sector that discuss issues and align technical positioning strategies regarding the Ministry of Agriculture’s chemicals policy, providing an environment for discussions and advances on this topic
- Research project: Partnerships with different renowned universities and research institutes in Brazil and abroad, with work related to integrated pest, disease, and weed management (e.g. UFV, UNESP, UFLA, ESALQ/USP, UFGD, UFES, UFVJM, Clonar, etc.).
We are committed to having a technical basis behind our recommendations regarding the use of agrochemicals. Therefore, any product used in our activities must be on a technical list that has been reviewed and managed by a qualified professional assigned for this purpose. This list contains all agrochemicals released to be used at Suzano—according to the policies we follow—and, when the list is updated, the person responsible for the acquisition of this type of input at the company is communicated.
Furthermore, in order to reduce the use of agrochemicals, whenever possible, we attempt to expand the application of biological pest control techniques, as well as genetic control by selecting clones that show a certain level of resistance to pests and diseases. In this way, considering that environmental factors (such as temperature, humidity, fires, among others) can favor or hinder biological control, we evaluate which control method is most suitable for each field scenario and each target to be controlled. As a result of these actions, in 2020, 49 million natural enemies were produced and released on 56,376 hectares, exceeding R$ 14 million in net avoided cost in the 2019/2020 biennium. Regarding genetic control, in 2020, we evaluated resistance to diseases and pests in more than 500 potential new clones.