Sustainable forest planning and management that support forest productivity, disease and pest control, maintenance of biodiversity, environmental preservation, and the provision of ecosystem services – creating a virtuous cycle.
Number of fires in Suzano’s areas
wdt_ID Number of fires in Suzano's areas by State 2019 2020 1 Bahia 1,037 1,121 2 Espírito Santo 1,143 3,105 3 Maranhão 1,860 2,453 4 Mato Grosso do Sul 62 137 5 Minas Gerais 0 3 6 Pará 369 169 7 Rio de Janeiro 4 15 8 São Paulo 322 788 9 Tocantins 107 39 10 Total 4,904 7,830
2020 was an atypical year compared to previous periods in terms of fire occurrences. This is mainly due to the following factors:
- Rainfall well below the historical average
- Extended drought period
- Very high temperatures and higher-than-normal water deficit
- Severe drought, associated with large fires
The Midwest region had the worst drought in recent years and, as a result, we experienced major forest fire episodes, with strong repercussions in the country and the world. In the States of Espírito Santo and Bahia, there were incidents of fires in regions that did not used to have these occurrences and therefore were distant from our main focus of action. This impacted the travel time and the beginning of the efforts of the firefighting teams, leading us to register significant numbers of fires and total area affected in these regions. As a plan of action, we are reinforcing the surveillance and fire fighting teams in these areas, in order to minimize the impacts.
Fire outbreaks are controlled with the support of our fire brigades and monitoring equipment in all company operating units. A network of surveillance towers spread over our forests allows us to quickly detect forest fires. In addition, we have a large team of trained firefighters, a fleet equipped with kits for the first firefighting, as well as water trucks and a truck that acts as a CAF (compressed air foam). With the support of this technology, we have made firefighting more effective and reduced the volume of water used in operations. We also work to engage the neighboring communities through the Floresta Viva (Live Forest) Program, which brings information, raises awareness, and provides a contact channel for anyone to report any occurrence of fire outbreaks in our forests.
For 2021, in line with Suzano’s management of control and suppression of forest fires, reduction targets for the burned area will be defined to be managed by the responsible teams. To this end, the specificities of each region where the company operates will be taken into account, with specific plans of action for each scenario.
To learn more about the areas affected by fire outbreaks, visit the indicators “Total number of forests affected by fires, in hectares” and “Total number of conservation areas affected by fires, in hectares.”