Water and Effluents

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  • Description of water management risks and discussion of strategies and practices to mitigate those risks

    SASB Dimension

    Related Material Issues

    Context:

    Considering the forestry area alone, we consider the following risks related to water management at Suzano: the unavailability of water at Suzano’s forestry management units; the lack of wood supply from Suzano’s own and partner forests; social conflicts arising from overlapping water use; and penalties imposed by the certification mechanisms applicable to the company’s activities.

    Rain is, for the most part, the water source used for Suzano’s forestry production. Rainfall events are seasonal in nature, i. e., they tend to reduce in certain months of the year, leading to periods of drought, depending on the local climate regime. These periods of water deficit (June to September, in most areas of Suzano) can be intensified during cyclical weather events (such as el niño, la niña, etc.) or as a result of climate change. During these periods, social conflicts over overlapping water use, for example, tend to increase.

    To deal with these risks in the short term, Suzano developed an analysis model and, based on an extensive hydrological study of the river basins covering its areas, prioritized those that are critical and manageable, based on the balance between supply and demand for water and the vulnerability of local communities. This will allow us to start the implementation of management actions in forests in critical river basins.

    In the medium and long term, Suzano will gradually develop forest management actions until reaching 100% of the forests in critical river basins by 2030; will execute the social management plan to support landowners located in critical river basins; and will monitor and apply climate modeling to prepare for the risks arising from climate change.

    In line with this approach, Suzano assumed the long-term goal of “Increasing water supply in all critical river basins¹” by 2030. By doing this, the company aims to advance and apply local mitigating and/or transforming measures as a prevention to water restriction events, as well as to consolidate itself as a leading player in the application of innovability (innovation + sustainability) in forest base management. To this end, the focus will be on river basins significantly occupied by the company (30% or more), adopting efficient forest management practices that generate the best results to overcome the criticality of these river basins.

    By assuming such an institutional commitment to increase the availability of a resource as sensitive as water in the long term, we have assumed the responsibility not only to look after our critical areas, but also to support our neighbors in areas of water restriction, mitigating the risks of scarcity of this resource.

    The practices envisioned address: incorporate water assumptions in the strategic planning of wood supply, changes in Suzano’s forest management practices in critical river basins, environmental education for soil conservation purposes, among others. Some examples of the expected results of these actions are: increased water availability in critical river basins; mitigation of social conflicts; gains in forest productivity and, consequently, greater sequestration of atmospheric CO2; improved capacity to support river basins and their ecosystem services.

    In order to keep track of this topic, our main indicators that will start to be monitored in 2021 are: “annual execution of operations in the forest” and “% of managed areas (executed/planned).”

    1. Critical river basins are those subject to lack of water availability due to natural characteristics (such as climate and soil type) and land use patterns.

  • Management of water and effluents in forestry operations

    Related Material Issues

    Context:

    Today, about 75% of the world’s accessible freshwater resources depend on forested watersheds. Therefore, forests are vital natural infrastructures for the supply of fresh water, and their management can provide “nature-based solutions” for a number of social challenges related to water.

    Therefore, Suzano recognizes the importance of water as a vital resource for the balance of the ecosystems and for the continuity of its business, and is committed to guaranteeing the availability of and access to quality water for the different users of the watersheds where it operates, based on the following:

     

    • protection and monitoring of rivers and springs
    • risk analysis and mitigation of impacts resulting from its operations
    • management and control of water withdrawal by the forestry operation
    • ecological restoration of degraded environments, and
    • environmental awareness and education of employees and neighboring communities

     

    In relation to water management, guidelines are established to monitor the water resources, allowing for an evaluation of the quality and availability of water in the bodies of water influenced by Suzano’s forest management, and to guide decision-making, such as the improvement and adaptation of forest management and compliance with the directions established by the company.

    Currently, water management in the forest considers the demands associated with current legislation and/or license requirements; forest certification requirements; international agreements (such as Sustainable Development Goals; UN Decade of Restoration; 20×20 Initiative, among others) sector and multilateral agreements (such as Forestry Forums and IBÁ); partnerships with universities, companies, government and NGOs (ESALQ/USP, P&G, SONOCO, IEF, TNC, and Instituto Terra); stakeholder demands (such as overlap for water use) and global platforms for disclosure of impact management (CDP, DJSI, GRI, WaterFootprint, among others).

     

    Management and identification of risks and opportunities

    The use of water for operational activities is regulated by a state public agency that, depending on the water availability of each resource and of the volume needed by other users, establishes the maximum amount of water to be used by the company. Irregular water withdrawals, i. e., in places without the agency’s authorization or with volumes above the permitted daily limits, imply environmental risks, affecting the availability of water, contaminating the soil or water, and leading to legal risks, resulting in administrative or criminal liability. The risks associated with water consumption are reduced downstream flow, erosion and silting, contamination due to effluent discharge, and fines at the state and federal levels due to infractions of legislation related to water resources.

     

    Suzano’s management and commitments

    Suzano’s forest base is distributed over several important watersheds in Brazil, which have distinct environments, uses and occupations, and demands for water use.

    In view of this diversity, Suzano seeks to increase the efficient use of water in the forest and to show solidarity with this resource. In early 2020, the company made a commitment to “increase water availability in 100% of critical watersheds by 2030” (Available in Long-Term Goals). Critical watersheds are those subject to lack of water availability due to natural characteristics (such as climate and soil type) and type of land use. Suzano is focusing its efforts on watersheds significantly occupied by the company (equal to or greater than 30%), so that the practices adopted by forest management can be effective and generate the best results to reverse the criticality of these watersheds and the consequent unavailability of water.

    In order to implement technical management actions in the forest and understand water supply/demand in watersheds, Suzano has a robust environmental monitoring network. In 1990 the company launched the Micro-Watershed Project and currently has 15 watersheds equipped with sensors to calculate the water balance and broaden the understanding of the relations and effects of forest management in locations that are representative of Suzano’s production model. The company has its own network of 83 meteorological stations distributed throughout its forest base to assess the effects of climate on forest productivity and water supply in watersheds. It also has a network of six eddy flux towers, equipment that performs the water and carbon balance in very high frequency monitoring.

    For more than 10 years Suzano has had a partnership with the Cooperative Program for Environmental Monitoring in Micro-Watersheds (PROMAB), which is coordinated by the Laboratory of Forest Hydrology of the Department of Forestry Sciences of ESALQ/USP. This cooperative program between companies in the sector and the university has an important role in generating knowledge about the best management practices, providing transparency about the business through numerous scientific publications, and promoting future research for the development and sustainability of the topic.

    To strengthen the management of water resources and address and minimize risks, Suzano created a corporate Water Resources Management Group in 2020. By managing water-related information, the group is working to create relationships and communication strategies with stakeholders to demonstrate responsible use of this natural resource and implement the recommendations for water management in the forest. An important action of this strategy is to increase its participation in local watershed committees, to discuss the use of water together with government representatives, companies, and civil society.

    Suzano also has standard operating procedures in place to guide and provide technical support to the operational areas for the sustainable management of water resources. The operation follows planning, withdrawal, and use of water in Forestry, Harvesting, and Logistics. In this way, water withdrawal is monitored daily by the company’s environmental area. Monitoring includes checking where water withdrawal is allowed, the withdrawal permit issued by the environmental agency, and the volume withdrawn from each site, with its geographical location and the name of the watercourse, which streamlines the identification, control, and correction of any deviations.

    As an internal policy, the organization has a Matrix for Management of Environmental Aspects and Impacts, which identifies the forest management activities that could impact the quality and availability of water and establishes control measures. Periodic monitoring is conducted to assess water quality and availability at all company units, where sampling points were strategically placed (representative of the production and coverage model) to establish a possible relationship between the company’s eucalyptus forests/harvesting areas. and the conditions of water resources (flow and water quality, rain, and laboratory results), located in the watershed where Suzano operates.

    In this way, an adequate forest management promotes several ecosystem services, among them, the provision of fresh water and regulation of water quality, which benefit not only the forest production, but also the supply of quality water to the different users of the watersheds in which we operate.

    To learn more about the watershed monitored by Suzano, see the indicator “Total number of watersheds monitored for the quality and availability of water resources”.

  • Management of water and effluents in industrial operations

    Related Material Issues

    Context:

    In 2019, Suzano disclosed its Long-Term Goals that include a goal on water use: reduce specific water withdrawal by 15% by 2030.

    After this commitment was announced, the company established governance to manage this topic: annual and monthly targets were established for each industrial unit, and the results are monitored on a monthly basis by the Pulp, Engineering, and Energy Department. The company also has an Industrial Environment Working Group (GTMAI), which evaluates the results on a monthly basis.

    Each industrial operation monitors the water management indicators on a weekly basis along with the Executive Board and Industrial Management and the executives. The results are disclosed in monthly results meetings to all the unit’s employees in order to engage everyone in the topic.

    In some of the industrial operations, targets were defined by consumer sector (a consumption limit for each stage of the production process). Sector performance is monitored at routine production meetings.

    Also in 2020, improvement projects were mapped to be implemented in each industrial unit in order to reach the target by 2030. To develop this material, a survey of best practices adopted at Suzano was conducted, such as water balances, management tools (such as Six Sigma and PDCA), and innovation projects, stemming from the “i9 focus on water” program. This is an innovation incentive program, where a topic and several associated challenges are established, and recognition is given to the people who present the most innovative ideas. The goal is to encourage the operational team to contribute to the reduction of water consumption.

     

    Water management risks associated with water withdrawal, consumption and disposal

    Management of water resources is a material topic for Suzano and includes risk analysis and scenarios for mitigating impacts caused by the use of water in industrial operations.

    In recent years, the company has been experiencing periods of severe drought in the states of São Paulo, Espírito Santo, Bahia, and Maranhão, where it has four mills. This prompted a review of the strategic actions to mitigate possible water withdrawal problems and, above all, the discharge of effluents into bodies of water with restricted flow, such as the Paraíba do Sul River, whose flow was reduced by more than 57%.

    As a result, Suzano seeks to raise awareness on the topic among its partners and achieve positive results for the environment, considering that the solution, especially for the water crisis, involves several fronts of action, from the efficient use and management of natural resources to rational use and practices to mitigate potential risks.

    Therefore, Suzano’s participation in the watershed committees where its industrial units are located is considered strategic, and its objective is to keep its operations in line with the management plans of each watershed, as well as to contribute to the generation of positive results for all stakeholders. To this end, through local teams and leadership, Suzano participates in the following committees:

     

    • Alto Tietê Watershed Committee
    • Rio Doce Watershed Committee (CBH-Doce)
    • Litoral Centro Norte Watershed Committee
    • Rio Paraíba do Sul Watershed Committee (CEIVAP)
    • Piracicaba, Capivari, and Jundiaí Watersheds Committee(CPJ);
    • Crisis Committee of the National Water and Sanitation Agency (ANA) for the Tocantins River.

     

    As an example of results, in 2020 Suzano actively collaborated in defining the minimum effluent flow rates that can be used in the Paraíba do Sul River Basin, in order to guarantee minimum reserve levels.

    The company also contributed to defining the operating rules for the Hydroelectric Plants (UHEs) of the Tocantins River Basin, whose goal is to maximize water supply in the reservoir of the Serra da Mesa Hydroelectric Plant, which is the largest water supply in the world, in terms of capacity. The water stored in this reservoir will increase the resilience of the basin during long periods of drought.

    In 2020, also as a result of the risk analyses performed, Suzano made a strategic decision to acquire the Small Hydroelectric Plant (PCH) and to build a new Effluent Treatment Station at the Mucuri Unit.

    With the implementation of all these preventive and adaptation actions in all Suzano’s industrial units, there were no episodes involving reduction or shutdown of production due to a lack of water resources.

  • Percentage of water recycled or reused in industrial operations

    Related Material Issues

    Context:

    On average, Suzano’s industrial units operate recycled or reused water capacity between 75 and 80%.

  • Specific water consumption in industrial operations

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Specific water consumption, in m³/t of marketable or finished product¹ 2019 2020
      1 Suzano 7.68 8.70
      2 Rio Verde 3.50 3.41
      3 Limeira 7.85 8.30
      4 Jacareí 3.34 2.70
      5 Imperatriz 6.19 5.15
      6 Mucuri 4.70 3.60
      7 Aracruz 6.51 4.27
      8 Belém² 8.67 4.56
      9 Maracanaú (Fortaleza) 0.00 0.09
      10 Três Lagoas 2.92 2.68

    1. Water consumption is understood as the difference between the amount of water withdrawn in the units and the amount of water returned to the environment in compliance with environmental parameters of the legislation in force (treated effluents) and the losses (evaporation and incorporation into the product). In addition, the calculation of this indicator considers finished and salable pulp and different types of papers and consumer goods produced in each unit.
    2. At the Belém Unit, there was a reduction by almost 50% in water consumption due to the change to the production process (use of recycled fibers discontinued, using only pulp).

    Additional information:

    Although Suzano showed an increase in absolute water consumption in 2020, compared with 2019, reflecting the 9.9% increase in production, specific water consumption in the period was 4.08 m³/t, below the specific consumption recorded in 2019 (4.44 m³/t), representing a reduction of 8.1%.

    Some of the initiatives that contributed to this result are described in the indicator “Water withdrawal for industrial operations, by source, in cubic meters”.

  • Total number of watersheds monitored for the quality and availability of water resources

    Related Material Issues

    Context:

    The intelligent use of water is a priority in Suzano’s investments, as we understand that this is an important natural resource for the balance of our ecosystems and the continuity of our business. In this sense, we perform periodic measurements of qualitative and quantitative parameters of the main watersheds in which we operate.

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Indicator São Paulo Mato Grosso do Sul Espírito Santo-Bahia Maranhão Total
      1 Total number of watersheds in which water quality and availability are monitored 6 6 37 4 53

    Additional information:

    There are specific parameters to be monitored in each watershed and per state, resulting from compliance with the requirements established in the permits of each state.

    In São Paulo, the parameters monitored in the 6 watersheds are: nitrate, phosphorus, potassium, turbidity, calcium, pH, magnesium, color, suspended solids, temperature. and conductivity.

    In Mato Grosso do Sul, six points are monitored on the farms: Matão, Duas Marias, Granada, Vista Alegre, São Marcos, and Antares. The qualitative parameters analyzed are: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), turbidity, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature, and suspended solids. The quantitative parameters are: flow measurement through data collection with Datalogger equipment and flow probes for subsequent calculation of flow rates.

    In the states of Bahia, Minas Gerais, and Espírito Santo, laboratory and on-site analyses are performed. The monitored parameters are: pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, thermotolerant coliform, BOD, nitrogen, phosphorus, turbidity, total residue, sulfuramide, glyphosate, conductivity, flow, BOD, aluminum, boron, cadmium, lead, cyanide, copper, chromium, iron, fluoride, manganese, nitrate, nitrite, sulfides, zinc, Vibrio Fischeri, and pesticides.

    For groundwater in Bahia, the following parameters are also monitored: COD, dichlorobenzenes, dichloroethane, dichloroethane, glyphosate, dichloroethane, dichloroethane, dichlorobenzene, and dichloroethene.

    In Maranhão, the following parameters are evaluated bimonthly: turbidity, pH, conductivity, temperature, nitrogen, phosphorus, suspended solids, potassium, oxygen, magnesium, calcium, BOD, COD, color, dissolved solids, total solids, and flow.

  • Water consumption in industrial operations, in cubic meters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Water consumption (m³)¹ 2019 2020
      1 Suzano 5,708,831.38 5,928,262.58
      2 Rio Verde 173,991.08 108,278.05
      3 Limeira 6,214,478.99 6,504,170.32
      4 Jacareí 2,644,595.99 2,694,584.65
      5 Imperatriz 5,344,902.75 7,827,143.68
      6 Mucuri 5,755,619.51 6,100,956.14
      7 Aracruz 8,819,978.32 7,025,696.17
      8 Belém² 345,397.43 151,100.22
      9 Maracanaú (Fortaleza) 0.00 1,158.00
      10 Três Lagoas 9,336,635.66 8,478,452.67

    1. Water consumption is understood as the difference between the amount of water withdrawn in the units and the amount of water returned to the environment in compliance with environmental parameters of the legislation in force (treated effluents) and the losses (evaporation and incorporation into the product).
    2. At the Belém Unit, there was a reduction by almost 50% in water consumption due to the change to the production process (use of recycled fibers discontinued, using only pulp).

    Additional information:

    Although Suzano showed an increase in absolute water consumption in 2020, compared with 2019, reflecting the 9.9% increase in production, specific water consumption in the period was 4.08 m³/t, below the specific consumption recorded in 2019 (4.44 m³/t), representing a reduction of 8.1%.

    Some of the initiatives that contributed to this result are described in the indicator “Water withdrawal for industrial operations, by source, in cubic meters”.

  • Water consumption in industrial operations, in megaliters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Water consumption, in megaliters (ML)¹ 2019 2020
      1 Suzano 5,708.83 5,928.26
      2 Rio Verde 173.99 108.27
      3 Limeira 6,214.48 6,504.17
      4 Jacareí 2,644.59 2,694.58
      5 Imperatriz 5,344.90 7,827.14
      6 Mucuri 5,755.62 6,100.96
      7 Aracruz 8,819.98 7,025.70
      8 Belém² 345.40 151.10
      9 Maracanaú (Fortaleza) 0.00 1.16
      10 Três Lagoas 9,336.64 8,478.45

    1. Water consumption is understood as the difference between the amount of water withdrawn in the units and the amount of water returned to the environment in compliance with environmental parameters of the legislation in force (treated effluents) and the losses (evaporation and incorporation into the product).
    2. At the Belém Unit, there was a reduction by almost 50% in water consumption due to the change to the production process (use of recycled fibers discontinued, using only pulp).

    Additional information:

    Although Suzano showed an increase in absolute water consumption in 2020, compared with 2019, reflecting the 9.9% increase in production, specific water consumption in the period was 4.08 m³/t, below the specific consumption recorded in 2019 (4.44 m³/t), representing a reduction of 8.1%.

    Some of the initiatives that contributed to this result are described in the indicator “Water withdrawal for industrial operations, by source, in cubic meters”.

  • Water withdrawal by source in forestry operations, in cubic meters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Water withdrawal by source in forestry operations (m³)¹ 2019 - Surface water 2019 - Groundwater 2019 - Total 2020 - Surface water 2020 - Groundwater 2020 - Total
      1 São Paulo 207,549.00 6,823.00 214,372.00 165,324.68 176,355.64 341,680.32
      2 Mato Grosso do Sul 1,082,185.00 n/a 1,082,185.00 951,724.00 n/a 951,724.00
      3 Espírito Santo-Bahia 718,363.29 131,645.88 850,009.17 270,941.00 121,535.72 392,476.72
      4 Maranhão 194,782.80 14,621.00 209,403.80 118,978.00 2,002.00 120,980.00
      5 Total 2,202,880.09 153,089.88 2,355,969.97 1,506,967.68 229,893.36 1,806,861.04

    1. Suzano’s forestry operations do not withdraw water from seawater sources, produced water, or third-party water. All water is withdrawn from fresh sources (≤ 1,000 mg/L of total dissolved solids). The information comes from water withdrawal forms used by the operation at each water withdrawal performed in the Forestry, Harvesting and Logistics operations

    Additional information:

    Regarding water management in the forest, Suzano is committed to ensuring the availability and access to quality water for the different users of the watersheds in which it operates based on the following:

     

    • protection and monitoring of rivers and springs
    • risk analysis and mitigation of impacts resulting from its operations
    • management and control of water withdrawal by the forestry operation
    • ecological restoration of degraded environments, and
    • environmental awareness and education of employees and neighboring communities

     

    Through the standard operating procedure, intended to guide and provide technical support to the operational areas for the sustainable management of water resources, the operation follows the planning of use, withdrawal, and consumption of water in Silviculture, Harvest, and Logistics. In this way, water withdrawal is monitored daily by the Suzano’s environmental area. Monitoring includes checking where water withdrawal is allowed, the withdrawal permit issued by the environmental agency, and the volume withdrawn from each site, with its geographical location and the name of the watercourse, which streamlines the identification, control, and correction of any deviations.

  • Water withdrawal by source in forestry operations, in megaliters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Water withdrawal by source in forestry operations (ML)¹ 2019 - Surface water 2019 - Groundwater 2019 - Total 2020 - Surface water 2020 - Groundwater 2020 - Total
      1 São Paulo 207.55 6.82 214.37 165.32 176.36 341.68
      2 Mato Grosso do Sul 1,082.19 n/a 1,082.19 951.72 n/a 951.72
      3 Espírito Santo-Bahia 718.36 131.65 850.01 270.94 121.54 392.48
      4 Maranhão 194.78 14.62 209.40 118.98 2.00 120.98
      5 Total 2,202.88 153.09 2,355.97 1,506.97 229.89 1,806.86

    1. Suzano’s forestry operations do not withdraw water from seawater sources, produced water, or third-party water. All water is withdrawn from fresh sources (≤ 1,000 mg/L of total dissolved solids). The information comes from water withdrawal forms used by the operation at each water withdrawal performed in the Forestry, Harvesting and Logistics operations.

    Additional information:

    Regarding water management in the forest, Suzano is committed to ensuring the availability and access to quality water for the different users of the watersheds in which it operates based on the following:

     

    • protection and monitoring of rivers and springs
    • risk analysis and mitigation of impacts resulting from its operations
    • management and control of water withdrawal by the forestry operation
    • ecological restoration of degraded environments, and
    • environmental awareness and education of employees and neighboring communities

     

    Through the standard operating procedure, intended to guide and provide technical support to the operational areas for the sustainable management of water resources, the operation follows the planning of use, withdrawal, and consumption of water in Silviculture, Harvest, and Logistics. In this way, water withdrawal is monitored daily by the Suzano’s environmental area. Monitoring includes checking where water withdrawal is allowed, the withdrawal permit issued by the environmental agency, and the volume withdrawn from each site, with its geographical location and the name of the watercourse, which streamlines the identification, control, and correction of any deviations.

  • Water withdrawal by source in industrial operations, in megaliters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Total water withdrawal by source, in megaliters (ML) 2019 - Surface waters, including wetlands, rivers, lakes, and oceans 2019 - Groundwater/water tables 2019 - Total 2020 - Surface waters, including wetlands, rivers, lakes, and oceans 2020 - Groundwater/water tables 2020 - Total
      1 Suzano 29,084.60 0.00 29,084.60 28,991.93 0.00 28,991.93
      2 Rio Verde 543.25 0.00 543.25 472.23 0.00 472.23
      3 Limeira² 23,365.19 91.53 23,456.72 23,168.65 106.45 23,275.10
      4 Jacareí 25,048.50 0.00 25,048.50 28,512.60 0.00 28,512.60
      5 Imperatriz 31,451.60 0.00 31,451.60 37,780.08 0.00 37,780.08
      6 Mucuri 49,056.15 0.00 49,056.15 52,004.82 0.00 52,004.82
      7 Aracruz¹ 53,763.65 0.00 53,763.65 58,075.00 0.00 58,075.00
      8 Belém 0.00 1,231.82 1,231.82 0.00 1,298.07 1,298.07
      9 Maracanaú (Fortaleza)³ n/d 0.00 n/d 5.74 0.00 5.74
      11 Três Lagoas 80,125.24 3.91 80,129.16 83,598.93 0.36 83,599.29

    1. At the Aracruz Unit, water is withdrawn by supplying water from the Mãe Boa and Santa Joana reservoirs.
    2. At the Limeira Unit, the amount of groundwater withdrawn reported in 2019 needed to be corrected due to flaws in the flow meter.
    3. The Maracanaú Unit (Fortaleza) does not produce pulp or paper. It just converts jumbo rolls of tissue paper into rolls and packs them (process known as conversion). Therefore, water withdrawal is much lower than the other units.

    Additional information:

    Although the company’s total production volume in 2020 was 9.9% higher than in 2019, the projects developed in the various industrial units brought a reduction of 2.7% in Suzano’s specific water withdrawal, in line with the Long-Term Goal set in 2019.

    Among the actions implemented in 2020, the initiatives and results obtained in the following industrial units stand out:

    Imperatriz: the unit stood out for the recovery of sealing water from the Fiber Line to the Cooling Tower (reduction of 240 liters per ton); for the replacement of cooling water with industrial water (reduction of 580 liters per ton) and for the withdrawal of industrial water used in the hydraulic units (reduction of 520 liters per ton).

    Mucuri: the unit replaced the heat exchangers of the steam samplers (reduction of 140 liters per ton), implemented the 1st stage of replacement of the sealing systems (reduction 80 liters per ton) and optimized operations in the washing of filters and make-up of the Cooling Tower (reduction of 150 liters per ton).

    Três Lagoas: the project to reuse neutralized water at the Boiler Water Treatment Station was implemented to wash the mill’s eucalyptus logs. This water, previously sent directly to the Effluent Treatment Station (ETS), started to be sent to the Timber Yard, reducing the use of other waters and withdrawal from the river.

    Aracruz: Control of water consumption by sector was strengthened, with actions to establish consumption limits by area and addition of water consumption indicator by sector in the routine meetings of the areas and management, providing a 7% average reduction in water consumption of the unit.

  • Water withdrawal for industrial operations, by source, in cubic meters

    SASB Dimension

    Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics Dimension (WEF)

    Related Material Issues

    Change view:

    • wdt_ID Water withdrawal by source (m³) 2019 - Surface waters, including wetlands, rivers, lakes, and oceans 2019 - Groundwater/water tables 2019 - Total 2020 - Surface waters, including wetlands, rivers, lakes, and oceans 2020 - Groundwater/water tables 2020 - Total
      1 Suzano 29,084,598.68 0.00 29,084,598.68 28,991,932.07 0.00 28,991,932.07
      2 Rio Verde 543,253.00 0.00 543,253.00 472,232.75 0.00 472,232.75
      3 Limeira² 23,365,194.53 91,530.00 23,456,724.53 23,168,646.49 106,454.00 23,275,100.49
      4 Jacareí 25,048,497.53 0.00 25,048,497.53 28,512,599.00 0.00 28,512,599.00
      5 Imperatriz 31,451,602.45 0.00 31,451,602.45 37,780,080.32 0.00 37,780,080.32
      6 Mucuri 49,056,149.00 0.00 49,056,149.00 52,004,819.52 0.00 52,004,819.52
      7 Aracruz¹ 53,763,652.72 0.00 53,763,652.72 58,075,001.42 0.00 58,075,001.42
      8 Belém 0.00 1,231,822.42 1,231,822.42 0.00 1,298,071.22 1,298,071.22
      9 Maracanaú (Fortaleza)³ n/d n/d n/d 5,738.00 0.00 5,738.00
      11 Três Lagoas 80,125,244.66 3,915.00 80,129,159.66 83,598,935.00 359.00 83,599,294.00

    1. At the Aracruz Unit, water is withdrawn by supplying water from the Mãe Boa and Santa Joana reservoirs.
    2. At the Limeira Unit, the amount of groundwater withdrawn reported in 2019 needed to be corrected due to flaws in the flow meter.
    3. The Maracanaú Unit (Fortaleza) does not produce pulp or paper. It just converts jumbo rolls of tissue paper into rolls and packs them (process known as conversion). Therefore, water withdrawal is much lower than the other units.

    Additional information:

    Although the company’s total production volume in 2020 was 9.9% higher than in 2019, the projects developed in the various industrial units brought a reduction of 2.7% in Suzano’s specific water withdrawal, in line with the Long-Term Goal set in 2019.

    Among the actions implemented in 2020, the initiatives and results obtained in the following industrial units stand out:

    Imperatriz: the unit stood out for the recovery of sealing water from the Fiber Line to the Cooling Tower (reduction of 240 liters per ton); for the replacement of cooling water with industrial water (reduction of 580 liters per ton) and for the withdrawal of industrial water used in the hydraulic units (reduction of 520 liters per ton).

    Mucuri: the unit replaced the heat exchangers of the steam samplers (reduction of 140 liters per ton), implemented the 1st stage of replacement of the sealing systems (reduction 80 liters per ton) and optimized operations in the washing of filters and make-up of the Cooling Tower (reduction of 150 liters per ton).

    Três Lagoas: the project to reuse neutralized water at the Boiler Water Treatment Station was implemented to wash the mill’s eucalyptus logs. This water, previously sent directly to the Effluent Treatment Station (ETS), started to be sent to the Timber Yard, reducing the use of other waters and withdrawal from the river.

    Aracruz: Control of water consumption by sector was strengthened, with actions to establish consumption limits by area and addition of water consumption indicator by sector in the routine meetings of the areas and management, providing a 7% average reduction in water consumption of the unit.