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  • Land use management

    Related Material Issues


    Suzano recognizes the value of its forests and is committed to responsible forest management that respects the rights of indigenous peoples, traditional and local communities, employees, suppliers, and other parties involved in the operation.

    The commitments assumed are set out and formalized in a set of Suzano’s Policies, including: Corporate Environmental Management Policy; Wood Supply Policy; Integrated Risk Management Policy and Human Rights Policy, Social and Environmental Investment Policy, as well as Suzano’s Sustainability Strategy.

    In the Wood Supply Policy, Suzano reinforces its commitment to only establish its plantations in areas previously anthropized by other uses, where conversion has not occurred under its direct or indirect responsibility, committing to zero deforestation.

    Likewise, the company also undertakes to buy wood from forests exclusively planted in areas previously anthropized or that the conversion, if any, has not occurred after the publication of this document and has not been under its direct or indirect responsibility.

    The wood used in Suzano’s production is from planted sources and, for the most part, comes from its own areas, ensuring:


    • compliance with all applicable legislation.
    • that it comes exclusively from forest plantations.
    • the right to property, peaceful possession and use of the land is respected.
    • it does not compromise areas recognized as having a high conservation value.
    • it respects human rights.
    • it respects the rights of indigenous peoples and traditional communities.
    • it guarantees workers’ rights, including topics related to health and safety and following the Fundamental Principles of the International Labor Organization (ILO).
    • that no native areas are converted into commercial timber plantations.


    In the case of third-party wood, the above principles are also observed in the contracted area as from the execution of the contract, covering wood harvesting and transportation operations, and considering that regular planting is a prerequisite of the contract.

    Considering these premises, for wood supply Suzano has the following practices in place:


    1. Analysis of documents that prove rights, use and non-conversion of the land. Should there be any restriction, it will be duly addressed before formalizing the contract.
    2. Analysis of the boundaries of land use with priority for conservation, officially demarcated indigenous and traditional communities, to establish an action plan geared toward protecting these areas.
    3. Field visits to confirm compliance with documentation.


    For owned and leased properties, Suzano has the following requirements:


    1. Prior to the operation, analysis of documents that prove rights, land use and non-conversion.
    2. Planting and harvesting permits.
    3. Compliance of operational activities in the area with human rights and applicable labor legislation.
    4. Definition of controls to mitigate social and environmental impacts.
    5. Field assessment for inclusion of areas in the scope of the FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council®)¹ and PEFC/Cerflor (Brazilian Forest Certification Program) certifications, showing compliance with the principles of these certification mechanisms.


    All producers that supply Suzano must have their properties compliant with the Forestry Code norms and state legislation, and are also encouraged to recover natural areas. Suzano contributes by sharing knowledge and donating native seedlings for this initiative.

    Suzano encourages its suppliers to seek certification and evaluate the origin of the raw material (wood). In order to evaluate the areas of forest producers and wood suppliers, Suzano has established a due diligence system, a set of activities to monitor the sources of raw materials (wood) in compliance with the requirements of the FSC² and PEFC/Cerflor and with applicable legislation. The Due Diligence System meets the following requirements: definition of responsibilities, procedures, training, list of raw material sources (wood), commitment of public policies not to acquire illegal wood, and to have a system for receiving and handling complaints about supplier wood. The program covers 100% of the wood suppliers. Contracts with suppliers include clauses for compliance with the legislation in force, even if Suzano helps them become compliant before signing the partnership.

    This control is evaluated by clients, investors, FSC and Cerflor, and internal auditors.

    To monitor the Brazilian regulations at the municipal, state, and federal levels, and communicate with stakeholders for risk mapping and decision making, the company relies on the support of a software called Ambito.

    The evaluation, monitoring, and compliance with regulatory requirements are also covered by Suzano’s Integrated Risk Management and comply with the strictest national and international certification mechanisms focused on the topic —FSC and PEFC/Cerflor—that attest to the company’s good conduct in the development of forest products, respecting the environmental, social, and economic aspects of the region. In these cases, the company is audited annually, based on pre-established environmental, social, and economic performance standards.

    Suzano’s relationship strategy aims to guarantee the social-environmental sustainability and legitimacy of the business, strengthening the long-term interactions with the neighboring communities and other stakeholders, integrating their interests in the planning and management of the company’s operations.

    As part of Suzano’s social strategy, the investment is an instrument to create value, both for the business and the surrounding communities, focused mainly on the following structural aspects: Job and Income Generation; Education; Culture; Sports; Environment; and Health.

    The community relationship and participation processes are:


    • Community engagement and social investment: Geared toward priority communities, most impacted by the company’s operations. This is a long-term structured relationship tool that enables the company and the communities to jointly build plans and actions to meet local and regional development demands, by means of social programs of a structuring nature
    • Operational Dialogue: Relationship tool that allows Suzano to consult and establish agreements with the surrounding communities in order to minimize and mitigate the impacts of local operations.
    • Social Dialogue: A relationship tool developed through biannual meetings with community representatives, addressing issues related to the Environment; Job and Income Generation; Education; Impacts on operations, among others.
    • Agenda Presencial (Face-to-face Agenda): Consists of annual visits by Suzano representatives to low-priority communities.
    • Management of events: This is the process of responding to events and demands from the community related to the company’s operational activities. The main communication channels used are: 0800 Fale com a Suzano (Talk to Suzano) and Operational Dialogue.


    More information on strategy and social action can be found in the Annual Report and in other Social Development indicators in this Indicators Center.

    1. License codes: Forest Management BA - FSC-C155943; Forest Management ES - FSC-C110130; Forest Management MS - FSC-C100704; Forest Management MA - FSC-C118283; Forest Management SP - FSC-C009927. 2. License codes: Chain of Custody - Units in Brazil - FSC-C010014; Chain of Custody - Europe, America, China, and Switzerland - FSC-C012430; Chain of Custody - Distribution Center in Brazil and Argentina - FSC-C003231.